Have you ever thought about how surgeons are able to use the same surgical tools many times without passing the germs from one person to the next person they do surgery on? Or maybe you feel surprised how nail salons keep from passing fungal infections between clients. You probably assumed that has something to do with cleaning the instruments that they use. Yet, you know that simply cleaning these items would not be enough to keep from passing germs or infections. It must need some attention in order to kill all living organisms cum bacteria on these tools.
Most of the people think horizontal autoclaves belong to the only hospital industry, but they are important in a tattoo shop, beauty and barber shops, and even dentist offices and many other fields.
Let’s Know About Autoclaves!
An autoclave is a pressure chamber that is used to sterilize the equipment and supplies. This device was invented by the French microbiologist Charles Chamberland in 1879. The autoclave becomes one of the most important equipment for the surgical and medical field.
When these types of equipment are placed in the autoclave, they are exposed to high-temperature steam for about 20 minutes. Time varies with types of equipment that needs to sterilize. This hot steam is very beneficial to kill the germs of that specific equipment that usual detergent or boiling water could not kill.
Although all autoclaves have the same fundamental functions like sterilization, there are different types of autoclaves for different functions. They are mainly classified into 4 categories:
- Horizontal Autoclave
- Media Preparatory
- Pass-Through Autoclave
- Vertical Autoclave
Just like pressure coolers, autoclaves work quickly and effectively because of the high temperature. The unique shape of this machine and temperature makes it easier to hold the heat inside much longer. Usually, the shape of autoclaves is cylindrical, because the cylindrical shape is more designed to holding the high pressure that is needed for the sterilization process to work. For safety reasons, an outside lock is provided in the autoclaves.
Once you close the autoclave sterilize chamber, a vacuum pump removes all the air from the device. After this, the sterilizer is pumped with high pressured steam to quickly raise the internal temperature. A thermometer is placed inside the autoclave device, once it reaches at 273 Fahrenheit, it starts its timer. During the whole process, high-temperature steam is killing the dangerous microorganisms. Once the sterilization is done, the pressure of the autoclave will be released, now place the equipment for cooling.
Autoclave have the wide range of laboratory application, such as sterilization of liquids, solids, waste, and biological hazards in safety laboratories. The autoclave is also used to sterilize the waste material prior to discharge. This just not kills bacteria and viruses, but soften some material, such as plastic so that they can be flattened to reduce the volume of waste.
There are different varieties of Horizontal Autoclaves India are available in the market. Price range varies according to the specifications of autoclaves.